The 10-year yield climbed another 11 basis points today, nearly touching 4.25%.
That puts it 117 basis points above the Fed Funds Rate (the overnight interbank lending rate set by the Fed). This signals a bond market that believes the threats the Fed has been making all year.
What's the threat? The Fed is threatening to keep hiking rates until they bring inflation back to their target of 2%.
Interestingly, it was just two years ago that the Fed made "signficant changes" to it's monetary policy framework (here). They adjusted their "target" level for inflation to be, an "inflation that averages 2% over time."
This was the Fed's response to an inflation rate that ran persistently UNDER 2% throughout the post-financial crisis period.
They said, "following periods when inflation has been running persistently below 2%, appropriate monetary policy will likely aim to achieve inflation moderately above 2% for some time."
What happened to this strategy?
No one on the Fed is talking about this. They continue to say, definitively, they will bring inflation back to 2%. In fact, there aren't even dissenters among the Fed Board of Governors, about the current path, nor the talking points. That's very unusual, historically, to have a Fed all in agreement, all toeing the line, especially in such a complicated time.
Let's take a look at what this "average" inflation number looks like.
Below is the Fed's favored inflation measure, core pce. You can see it ran about 1.5% on average in the post-GFC period. Post-covid its run about 3%. If we narrow it to the Biden administration, it's running an average of 4%.
If we average the annualized monthly core pce dating back to the failure of Lehman Brothers, we get 1.85%.